How to Clean a Skin Wound

scrape

How to Clean a Skin Wound

If you do not clean them properly, minor cuts and scrapes can result in a trip to scrapethe hospital.  It is important to know how to clean a skin wound as soon as possible, because it can help prevent infection, lessen any irritation and speed up the recovery process.  Visiting a doctor immediately after becoming wounded is only necessary if the wound is large, deep, has an object in it you cannot remove, or if it is too painful to clean at home.  If it does not fall under any of these categories, get your clean skin wound at home by following these directions:  

Pre-Clean

  1. Whenever you can, you should clean your own wound because you are the best judge of your pain threshold. Wash your hands.  Put on disposable medical gloves if you have them.
  2. Skin wounds usually stop bleeding on their own, but if bleeding continues past a minute, apply gentle pressure to the wound with a sterile cloth or bandage and elevate it.

Cleaning a Skin Wound

  1. Use a large amount of clean water to rinse off the wound.
  2. Clean around the wound with a cloth wet with water and soap, being careful not to get any soap inside it.
  3. If dirt or debris remains in the wound after washing, use tweezers sterilized scraped elbowwith rubbing alcohol to extract those remains. Avoid the use of hydrogen peroxide, iodine or an iodine-containing cleanser, which can be irritating to tissue already injured.  As mentioned earlier, see a doctor if there is any debris you cannot remove.  Do not poke tweezers deep into a wound (beyond the first layer of skin)!

Post-Clean

  1. Apply a thin layer of an antibiotic cream, such as Polysporin, to a newly clean skin wound to prevent dryness. Although creams and ointments do not make a skin wound heal faster, it reduces the risk of infection.
  2. Cover the skin wound with a bandage, unless the injury is just a minor surface scratch. In that case, it is best to leave it uncovered and let it air out.  If you decide to use one, change the bandage at least once a day.

Even after establishing daily cleaning of a skin wound, you should check for signs of infection.  These include lack of evident healing, redness, warmth, and swelling.  If you clean a skin wound regularly, you should not have to see a doctor about it, but you must remember it is always a possibility when you are injured.

How to Clean Your Belly Button

How to Clean Your Belly Button

navel
Source: http://images.mentalfloss.com/sites/default/files/istock_000067581469_small.jpg?resize=1100×740

Yes, you really should clean your belly button: the average one contains more than 60 types of bacteria (healthy and harmful alike)!  Most people believe they have a clean belly button after the warm water and body soap suds wash over it in the shower, which is the least effective cleaning method because people do not typically dry themselves thoroughly enough.  This especiallygoes for people with “innies”: water can get trapped inside the belly button hole, providing a perfect environment for germs.  To get a clean bellybutton, you should have a direct focus on it instead of treating it as an afterthought.  Although it is not possible to completely rid it of bad bacteria, you can decrease its population on and around your belly button by following these directions:

 

 

Basic Care for a Clean Belly Button

  1. Dip one head of a cotton swab into water or an astringent, like rubbing alcohol or witch hazel. Other solutions you can use include baby oil, hydrogen peroxide, and apple cider vinegar.  If your belly button is dry, use Neosporin or Vaseline.
  2. Place it into your belly button and gently work your way around the navel. Do not apply a discomforting amount of pressure.
  3. Repeat the above steps if your belly button is still dirty.
  4. Use a clean swab to remove any excess cleaning solution. Make sure to soak up as much water and/or cleaning solution as possible.  You may have to use more than one swab.
  5. After showering, use your index finger and a small section of towel to wipe the belly button and its surrounding skin. Keep an eye on any piercings.

Belly Buttons with Piercings

  1. Soak your belly button with a cotton ball dipped in sea salt water for 5 minutes
    navel piercing
    Source: https://media.musely.com/u/d2d41432-d99b-4b3d-bd08-ad14234df38d.jpg

    to reduce the risk of infection. Table salt will not work as a substitute.

  2. Remove crust buildup by applying a paper towel dipped in the sea salt water and gently wipe it off.
  3. Use a clean towel to completely dry your belly button. It is best to press down lightly to absorb the remaining liquid: any repetitive wiping or scrubbing motions could cause irritation in the pierced area. How often should you clean your belly button?  It depends on how fast dirt accumulates inside it.  If your belly button is dirt-prone, you should clean it on days you start to notice it.  If it always looks clean to the naked eye, you may only need to clean your belly button once every two weeks.

Clean Birkenstocks: How to Care for Them

How to Clean Birkenstocks

With the right amount of dedication, you can wear in your Birkenstock sandalsclean birkenstocks without wearing them out.  Maintaining clean Birkenstocks is challenging because a shoe of its kind is made of lesser used natural materials, such as recycled cork and untreated leather, but there is a straightforward way to clean Birkenstocks without damaging them: the company produces their own cleaning solutions.  Shield the cork footbed from the elements and prevent dried-out edges from manifesting by using Birkenstock Cork Sealer, eliminate odours and dirt with the Cleaner & Refresher, and protect leather straps with a coat of Water & Stain Repellent.

Alternatively, universal shoe-cleaning products suffice if you already have them on hand.  The more often you clean Birkenstock sandals, the more life you will get out of them.  Here are the cleaning procedures you should follow, according to Birkenstock:

Cleaning Birkenstock Footbeds

  1. If the cork looks like it’s drying out, apply a thin coat of sealant to the affected edges.
  2. Let sealant set completely before the shoes are worn.
  3. Spray the entire footbed with your cork-safe surface cleaner and wipe it down with a cloth to catch excess dirt.
  4. If your shoes have suede or nubuck footbeds, brush them to extract the dirt. Avoid using liquid to clean them.

Cleaning Upper Straps

  1. Apply repellent regularly to protect upper Leather, Suede and Nubuck from clean birkenstockswater and dirt. Birkenstock defines “regularly” as being on each day that you wear your sandals.
  2. Parts of the straps with suede or nubuck surfaces should be brushed to pull up dirt and dust.
  3. If your Birkenstocks have non-leather straps, wipe them clean with a cloth damp with water and a small amount of soap to treat stains.

Additional Care Tips

  • Anything you use to clean Birkenstocks can change the look and finish of the materials, so be careful to test cleaning products not endorsed by the company on a small section of the shoe that is not visible when worn.
  • Keep your sandals out of extreme heat, as prolonged heat exposure leads to irreversible damage. When you are at the beach removing your Birkenstocks to cushion your feet on sand of equal comfort, it is best to pack them away in your bag.  Birkenstock even recommends not leaving their shoes in parked cars on hot days!  If they become wet, you must wait patiently for them to air dry.
  • Birkenstock emphasizes the need for a frequent cleaning schedule, but if you want or only have the time to get by on the bare minimum, you should clean Birkenstock sandals at least once a season.

 

How to Clean Converse Sneakers

How to Clean Converse

Well-loved and clean Converse sneakers: these concepts go together like two left shoes.  Clean Converse sneakers, if used often, are naturally not kept as such by their wearers. Canvas is fabric, therefore, it is a dirt magnet.  Some agree that their Chucks look best when worn in rather than brand new, but if you consider yourself to be on the other side of the age-old debate, this article is for you.  Many Converse owners who prefer them clean make the mistake of only cleaning their collection when it gets too dirty to ignore. This makes cleaning them harder. Although they can (or should) never be thrown in the wash, having clean Converse is easy if you have the right materials.

Pre-Cleaning Your Converse

After they have been exposed to dirt, clean Converse sneakers as soon as possible.  Select a mild soap (one with a lower alkaline content, with a pH less than 8) to clean it.  In this case, dish soap diluted with water is a common cleaning solution.  You should dab your soap of choice on an area of the clean conversesneaker that is normally hidden when you are wearing it, such as the area underneath its laces or the outer edges of its tongue.  This is to test whether the soap alters the colour of your sneakers: if it does not at first, it is a good sign, but it is important to give it an hour or so before you start a complete clean, just in case a colour change does not immediately appear.  For extra unclean Converse, maximize the effectiveness of your cleaning by removing the laces from both shoes.  Follow these instructions to clean Converse of canvas, leather, and suede varieties, drawn from the Converse company website:

Canvas

  1. Remove excess dirt to clean the outsole (the part of the shoe that steps on the ground).clean converse
  2. Mix lukewarm water and a small amount of mild soap, as defined in the previous paragraph.
  3. Dampen a cloth with the soapy mixture and gently scrub affected areas. (You can use a microfiber cloth to maximize cleaning efficiency.)

Leather and Synthetic

  1. Remove excess dirt to clean the outsole.
  2. Mix lukewarm water and mild soap.
  3. Dampen a cloth with the soapy mixture and gently scrub affected areas.

Suede

  1. Brush dirt off with a suede brush.
  2. Do not use soap or water.

Drying your Converse

  1. Dry at room temperature.
  2. If the Converse are deflated from wetness, stuff them with paper to maintain their shape and prevent wrinkles.
  3. For prolonged sneaker life, avoid using direct heat – such as the blast from a hair dryer – to accelerate the drying process.

One final consideration: as Converse pleads with you four times in their cleaning guide: never, ever machine wash or dry your Converse.

How to Clean Nike Dri-FIT Clothing

How to Clean Nike Dri-FIT Clothing

Designed to wick excess moisture away from your body during exercise, Nike Dri-FIT material is unique and very popular. It is made of microfiber and polyester.  It is important to clean Nike Dri-FIT items properly to avoid damaging the Dri-FIT features thereby inhibiting the performance of the material.

There are other brands of sports clothing that carry their own line of moisture-wicking material such as Adidas Clima-Lite and Under Armour Tech.

Cleaning Recommendations

Nike’s recommendations for how to clean Nike Dri-FIT shirts are:

  • Machine wash item inside out in cold water with like colors.clean Nike dri-FIT
  • Use powdered laundry soap instead of liquid laundry soap.
  • Do not wring out excess water from the item.
  • Allow the item to hang to dry, or tumble dry in the dryer on low temparature. (Heating the Dri-FIT material in the dryer will reduce the effectiveness of the material and encourage static cling.)
  • Do not use bleach, dryer sheets or liquid fabric softener. If you accidentally use a dryer sheet with your Dri-FIT item, re-wash it.
  • Do not dry clean Dri-FIT items.
  • If you have to iron your Dri-FIT item, use a cool setting to avoid damaging any logos or designs.

 

How to Clean a Camelbak Reservoir

How to Clean a Camelbak Reservoir

Knowing how to clean a Camelbak reservoir is important to prevent them from getting moldy and gross. By cleaning the Camelbak reservoir properly, not only do you avoid drinking gross stuff, you also extend the life of the reservoir, saving you time and money to replace it.

If you use your Camelbak for anything other than water, it is even more important that you clean it properly to avoid mold growth. Thankfully, it is easy to clean your Camelbak reservoir no matter what you put in it.

Instructions for How to Clean a Camelbak Reservoir

It is best if you clean your reservoir after every use by following these instructions as provided by Camelbak:

  • Mix hot water and 2 tablespoons of baking soda or bleach inside the reservoir camelbak (you can also use Camelbak Cleaning Tablets (8 Pack)).
  • Hold the reservoir up high while pinching the bite valve so the bleached water can run down through the tube but don’t empty the reservoir.
  • Let the cleaning solutions sit in the reservoir for approximately 30 minutes.
  • Empty reservoir.
  • Wash the reservoir with hot water and dishsoap, being sure to completely rinse away any bleach or cleaning solution (Camelbak has brushes and a cleaning kit to scrub the reservoir and tube: CamelBak Bottle Brush Kit, Blue ). Using a brush can ensure you scrub all areas inside the reservoir and tube.
  • Prop the reservoir open and air dry completely so there is no moisture left in the reservoir. If there is moisture trapped inside, mold can grow.

By keeping your Camelbak reservoir clean, you will get longer enjoyment out of using it.

How to Wash Your Hands Properly

How to Wash Your Hands Properly

Learning how to wash your hands properly is very important. The number one way to prevent the spread of germs and bacteria is by proper and frequent handwashing. By washing your hands, you can avoid getting a cold, the flu and other diseases.

When to Wash Your Hands

Think of all the things your hands touch during the day. Germs from these surfaces accumulate on your hands and then can spread to your eyes, nose and mouth. While it isn’t possible to keep your hands completely free of germs, you can limit the transfer of germs.

You should always wash your hands before:

  • preparing food or eating
  • treating wounds or caring for a sick person
  • putting in or taking out contact lenses.

You should always wash your hands after:

  • if they look dirty or feel sticky
  • using a toilet or changing a diaper
  • preparing food, particularly raw meat or poultry
  • touching an animal or its things like toys, leashes, harnesses, clothing
  • picking up dog poop
  • blowing your nose
  • coughing or sneezing into your hands
  • treating wounds or caring for a sick person
  • shaking hands with someone
  • handling garbage, chemicals, dirty laundry, soiled shoes

Steps for How to Wash Your Hands Properly how to wash your hands

  1. Under clean running water (warm or cold), wet your hands
  2. Turn off the water (think of the environment and save water!)
  3. Apply soap to your hands. Soap can be liquid, bar or powder.
  4. Lather the soap and rub your hands together for more than 20 seconds, being sure to scrub all surfaces including backs of hands, wrists, between fingers and under fingernails
  5. Turn water back on and rinse hands well
  6. Turn water off using the back of your hand or a towel
  7. Dry your hands with an air dryer while rubbing hands together, or use a towel

Does Water Temperature Matter?

In order to kill bacteria, the water temperature has to be really hot, much hotter than our skin can handle. Therefore, water temperature is not really a factor when washing hands. More important is the use of clean water, soap, scrubbing action and drying.

A Tip for Children

When teaching young children how to wash their hands, try suggesting they sing the Happy Birthday song while washing their hands. When the song is over, they are finished washing their hands properly.

Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitizer is an alcohol-based cleanser that doesn’t require water to properly clean your hands. When using hand sanitizer, it is important to rub all the surfaces of your hand as you would when washing with soap and water. Hand sanitizers come in a variety of sizes, including travel sizes, so it is easy to take hand sanitizer with you and always be able to clean your hands even if you don’t have access to soap and water.


Washing your hands properly prevents the spread of disease and infection, helping you and the people around you to stay healthy.

Microfiber Cloths – How They Work

Microfiber Cloths – How They Work

Microfiber cloths are the best, easiest and most effective cloths to use when cleaning. In order to truly appreciate how well these cloths clean, it helps to understand what microfiber actually is.

How Microfiber is Made

Microfiber is synthetic fibre made up of tiny strands that are smaller than strands of silk which are 1/5 the diameter of human hair. That is tiny! During the manufacturing process, fibers are split, producing multi-stranded fibers. If you cut a cross-section of fiber, under high magnification it would look like an asterisk. The split fibers and the size of the individual filaments working in conjunction with the spaces between them make the cloths more effective than other fabrics for cleaning purposes. The structure traps and retains the dirt extremely well, and also absorbs liquids. Microfiber cloths are very soft and hold their shape well.

The best microfiber, especially for water-soluble soils and waxes, should be a split microfiber. Non-split microfiber is little more than a very soft cloth.

microfibre clothsBenefits of Using Microfiber Cloths

Microfiber cloths clean on a microscopic scale. Using Microfiber materials to clean a surface leads to reducing the number of bacteria by 99%. Standard or regular cleaning cloths reduces this number only by 33%.

The increased surface area of a microfiber cloth leaves no lint behind on the surface you are cleaning, unlike a cotton cloth that leaves lint. There is one exception; some cloths are microfiber blends where the surface has been mechanically processed to produce a soft plush feel. These cloths can leave lint behind. Microfiber cloths are electrostatic so they grab or attract dust better than other cleaning cloths.

Even though microfiber cloths are more expensive, the overall cost of cleaning can be lower because you can get more use out of a microfiber rag before it is completely soiled and you can often clean very effectively using far less chemical or cleaning solution than a standard cotton rag.  For example, you don’t have to use glass cleaner to clean mirrors and glass; a little water in a spray bottle and a microfiber cloth will do a great job. A big plus about this is you are not putting more chemicals into your home and into the environment.

Microfiber can hold up to eight times its weight in water. It also has the exceptional ability of being able to absorb oils and it is not hard enough to scratch even delicate surfaces, unless they have retained grit or hard particles from previous use. Microfiber cloths are used to clean photographic lenses as they absorb oily matter without being abrasive or leaving a residue. Small microfiber cleaning cloths are commonly sold for cleaning computer screens and sun and eyeglasses.

How to Use Microfiber Cloths

Microfiber cloths can be used wet or dry, on many surfaces, with or without cleaning solutions or chemicals. Cleaning techniques are important regardless of the type of cloth you are using. Because microfiber works so well at attracting and holding dust and dirt, it accumulates grit so it can damage high tech coated surfaces, as previously mentioned. Always use perfectly clean cloths when cleaning these type of surfaces.

Caring for Your Microfiber Cloths

Microfiber Cloths must only be washed in regular washing detergent, not oily, self-softening, soap-based detergents. Fabric softener should not be used. The oils in the softener and self-softening detergents will clog up the fibers and make them less effective until the oils are washed out.  Also never wash microfiber cloths with non-microfiber towels or clothes. Typically those fabrics have so much more lint. You will find the microfiber cloths will grab the lint from the non-microfiber materials and next time you use the microfiber cloth, it will leave lint behind on the surface you just cleaned.

Microfiber cloths are an amazing innovation, making the job of cleaning much easier. Now that you understand what microfiber is and how is it used, you can fully benefit from using microfiber cloths in your cleaning tasks.

Kitchen Blender: How to Clean It

How To Clean A Kitchen Blender

A kitchen blender is a useful appliance that can be utilized for making drinks, smoothies, milkshakes, sauces and soups. They are inexpensive, a must-have in any kitchen and easy to clean. Two types of kitchen blenders are the ones with a base and separate carafe, and a hand blender where the blade end is dipped into another container like a tall glass or bowl.

Cleaning a kitchen blender is very easy. Typically, for a blender with a carafe and base, the carafe and base come apart into pieces for easy washing. All of these pieces can go in the dishwasher or be hand washed in warm soapy water. (Watch out for the sharp blades!) If your carafe has a rubber washer in the base, it is best to hand wash it in warm soapy water instead of the dishwasher.kitchen blender how to clean

Glass carafe blenders retain a nice look longer because the plastic carafes can get a scratchy and frosty appearance. A glass carafe is dishwasher safe whereas a plastic carafe should probably not go in the dishwasher and instead be hand washed.

The base of the blender and cord can be wiped down with a damp cloth. Do not submerge the electric base of the blender in water.

kitchen blender how to clean it

Hand blenders are typically while plastic or stainless steel. The washing methods are the same for either surface. For hand blenders, do not submerge the whole appliance in water. Only put the blender end with the blades into warm soapy water.  Swish the blades end of the blender through the water. This should be sufficient to remove the food bits attached to the blender blades. You may also use a cloth to wipe off any stuck on food. Be careful of the sharp blades. Do not put a hand blender into the dishwasher.

Flu or Cold? Know the Differences and Keep Your Employees Healthy

Flu or Cold?

How much do you really know about the influenza virus? Do you know what you need to do to prevent it?

Unfortunately, most employers don’t think about the flu until it has decimated their workforce. Only then do they realize they need to do something to stop it from spreading further.

Flu Symptoms

Do you know the common flu symptoms? Do you know how the flu is different from a cold?

Flu symptoms make you feel miserable. Common flu symptoms to be on the lookout for are:

  • Body aches and headaches
  • Extreme fatigue and exhaustion
  • Fever in excess of 100 degrees or simply feeling feverish
  • Sore throat, often accompanied by a cough
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea

If you have an employee suffering from one or more of these symptoms, they may need to checked out by a medical professional for an accurate diagnoses and treatment plan. All of these symptoms can also be signs of a cold. But there are several additional symptoms that indicate a more serious problem.

Knowing When to Go to the Doctor

If an employee experiences the following symptoms, they need to get into the doctor for treatment right away:

  • Confusion
  • Trouble breathing
  • Lip discoloration
  • Pressure or pain in the abdomen
  • Vomiting that won’t subside
  • Sudden bouts of dizziness
  • Flu symptoms that seem to improve but suddenly grow worse
  • Seizures

Ignoring the signs and symptoms of a severe illness could make the situation worse and cause the recovery process to take far longer than needed.

Types of Flu

Even though you might not realize it, there are numerous types of flu that you can get. Check out some of the following to give you an understanding of what you might be dealing with.

Avian flu occurs when you are infected with the Type A virus from a bird. While it naturally occurs in wild aquatic birds, it can infect domestic poultry and other animals. It isn’t all that common in humans, but it can happen.

Swine flu is a type of respiratory disease found in pigs from the Type A virus, however, it can end up affecting humans and making them ill.

Most people are familiar with a seasonal flu. This tends to strike during the cool fall and winter months and subside during the spring and summer. It often ends up spreading at a rapid rate from coming in contact with someone who is infected with the virus.

Flu Symptoms or Just a Cold?

Is it a cold or flu? How can you tell the difference?

Since the common cold and the flu tend to have a lot of the same symptoms, it can be quite difficult to differentiate between the two. The most accurate way to get an accurate diagnosis is to go to your healthcare provider for a test within the first couple days of becoming ill.

The topic of viral illnesses will always remain somewhat confusing, since the body has a relatively small number of symptoms with which to respond to an ever-changing, wide variety of viruses. – Dr. Alan Greene

Generally speaking, the flu is far worse than just being hit with a regular cold. When you are struggling with the flu, body aches, fatigue, fever and cough tend to be amplified. If you have nothing more than a cold, you will probably be dealing with something simple like a stuffy nose.

Taking the Necessary Steps to Prevent a Flu Pandemic

One of the best things you can do to prevent a flu pandemic from taking over your business is to make sure everyone is washing their hands, staying home when sick and keeping the office clean.

Bring in a professional commercial cleaning company on a regular basis during peak flu season to prevent the virus from taking over your workforce. By doing your part to prevent the area from becoming contaminated, you can ensure the health and well-being of your employees. There is no time like the present to start preventing the illness from spreading through your workplace.